The sky god, An , was one of the principal
deities in the Sumerian pantheon. Known as in Anu Akkadian, his name was often written with the cuneiform numerical sign for the number sixty. Other gods were assigned smaller numbers to show their lower status.
In some myths, An is considered the father of the gods, while in other cosmological traditions he is the god in charge of the heavens following the separation of heaven and Earth.
An appears in a number of myths. Here are summaries of a few common tales:

  • The story of Atra-hasis, in which An and a fellow deity, Enlil, grant him eternal life.
  • The myth Gilgamesh and the Bull of Heaven, in which An’s daughter, the goddess Inanna, threatens to release the dead from the netherworld if she is not given control over the bull, which she wants to use to punish the hero-king Gilgamesh for spurning her amorous advances.
  • More:  Etana in Babylonian Mythology

  • A myth about the elevation of the goddess Inanna, in which she states that the word of An, the father of the gods, is the ultimate authority; that his commands are the very foundation of heaven and Earth; and that it is An who conferred kingship upon earthly rulers.
  • Although the Sumerian mythic tradition accords An a place of prominence, his inner nature is never clearly defined, and his representation in ancient art remains obscure.