Llama facts and information. Know Llama diet, habitat, behaviour taxonomy, etc See interesting facts of Llama in our animal facts archive.

TAXONOMY
Lama glama (Linnaeus, 1758), Peru.

OTHER COMMON NAMES
French: Lama; German: Lama; Spanish: Llama.

PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS
Average height 3.8 ft (115 cm) and weighs 308.6 lb (140 kg). Its legs are long, and it also has inwardly curved tips of the ears. Presents a reddish brown color that is almost uniform over its entire body, with the face, ears, and legs tainted black, though they can also be black, white, or of mixed coloring.

DISTRIBUTION
Found in Bolivia, Peru, Argentina, Chile, and also in Ecuador and Colombia from 7,550–13,120 ft (2,300–4,000 m).

HABITAT
Lives in high, arid environments formed by grasses.

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BEHAVIOR
Herds of up to 100 animals are driven by herders to grasslands every day.

FEEDING ECOLOGY AND DIET
Feeds on grasses and halophyte plants.

REPRODUCTIVE BIOLOGY
May be polygamous. Females become fertile when they reach between two and three years of age. One male can copulate with up to 30 females. The gestation period lasts an average of 11 months.

CONSERVATION STATUS
Since the llama is domesticated, it has not been classified with any special conservation status. There are approximately 2.5 million llamas throughout its entire geographic distribution.

SIGNIFICANCE TO HUMANS
Llama fiber is used to manufacture ropes and packing bags, the skin to produce leather goods, and the bones to make instruments for looms. The bezoaric stones, the fets, the blood, the fat, etc., are necessary elements in rituals to ensure the fertility and well being of the herds. The llama is an important source of meat, which may be consumed either fresh or salted and dried in the sun, a form known as charqui (jerky).