Shore Bug facts and information. Learn quick facts about Shore Bug in diet, habitat, prey, reproduction, etc. in our animals facts archive.

TAXONOMY

Acanthia coxalis Stål, 1873, Cuba.

PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS

Small, reaching 0.14–0.16 in (3.5–4 mm) in length; broad and flattened. Color varies widely from light to dark brown, mottled; lateral margins of pronotum are pale. Dorsum densely covered with short hairs. Legs are short, robust, adapted for walking and jumping. Wings complete or partially reduced (proportions of morphs vary). Forewings have well-marked veins and translucent membranes. Larvae are like adults but much smaller and wingless.

DISTRIBUTION

Texas (United States) through Chile and Argentina and the West Indies, principally along coasts; lives at elevations up to 11,480 ft (3,500 m) in Peru.

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HABITAT

Salty, brackish, and freshwater swamps and muddy beaches of seas, lakes, and rivers; at floodtide they climb on grasses. Hardly seen on the mud and seldom collected.

BEHAVIOR

They walk, run, or jump quickly on the soil and fly readily if disturbed. Much time is spent grooming the legs and antennae.

FEEDING ECOLOGY AND DIET

They feed on dead insects on the soil or drive the beak into the surface mud and suck out small invertebrates such as insect larvae and small earthworms.

REPRODUCTIVE BIOLOGY

At mating the male positions himself side by side with the female, grasping her ovipositor with the claspers. Eggs are laid on grass blades; they can withstand drowning. Reproduction occurs year-round.

CONSERVATION STATUS

Not threatened.