In Greek mythology, Apollo was the god of music, poetry, the humanities, prophecy, and archery. A god of sunshine, he was also referred to as Phoebus, which implies “radiant” or “beaming,” and was typically identified with He-lios, the solar god. As the god of spiritual therapeutic, Apollo bestowed ritual purification on the responsible.

Like most of the Greek gods, together with his sister, Artemis, Apollo had a darkish facet. He was the god of plague and in that side was worshipped as Smintheus, a reputation that comes from the Greek phrase sminthos (rat). According to the Iliad, Apollo shot arrows of plague into the Greek camp in the course of the Trojan War.

Apollo’s Origins

Apollo was the son of Zeus and the Titan lady Leto. Zeus’s spouse, Hera, came upon about her husband’s infidelity and was livid. So jealous was Hera that she hounded the pregnant Leto from place to place across the earth, finally banning her from staying anyplace on stable floor. The solely web site the place Leto might cease was Delos, which was a floating island and due to this fact not below Hera’s ban. It was on Delos that Leto gave start to Apollo and his twin sister, the goddess Artemis.

When he was grown, Apollo went to Delphi, the place he slew the monstrous serpent Python along with his arrows. Python had guarded the sanctuary of Pytho, the place a psychic recited prophesies. Apollo, now answerable for the oracle, gained the title Pythian Apollo.
He bestowed divine powers on one of many priestesses of the sanctuary, and she turned referred to as the Pythia. The Pythia inhaled the hallucinating vapors issuing from a fissure within the temple floor and then recited her prophesies. A priest translated her murmurings and ravings for many who got here seeking assist.

Apollo’s Trysts

Apollo, identical to his father, Zeus, had many amorous affairs with each goddesses and mortals. One of his early loves was the nymph Cyearene, who bore Apollo a son. This son, Aristaeus, turned a demigod protector of cattle who taught humankind the talent of dairy farming.

Another union, this time with a mortal lady, Coronis, daughter of King Phlegyas of the Lapiths, had a extra violent end result. While pregnant by Apollo, Coronis made the error of falling in love with a mortal man. When Apollo discovered of this, his darkish anger was roused. He requested his sister, the huntress Artemis, to kill Coronis. Artemis, simply as darkly offended as her brother, did her brother’s bidding. Apollo rescued the kid from its mom’s lifeless physique and introduced the boy, known as Asclepius, to the great Centaur Cheiron. Asclepius turned the god of therapeutic.

Not all of these whom Apollo pursued wished to be caught. Apollo turned infatuated with the nymph Daphne and harried her till she finally might bear it not. She requested Peneus, a river god, for assist, and he turned Daphne right into a laurel tree. Apollo, distraught by what had occurred, made the laurel his sacred tree.
Apollo additionally fell in love with Hyacinthus, a good-looking Spartan prince. Zephyearus, the west wind, was jealous, and when Apollo and Hyacinthus have been throwing the discus, Zephyearus blew it off beam, smashing Hyacinthus’s cranium. Apollo, grieving, created a flower in his love’s honor: the hyacinth.

Yet one other love of Apollo’s was the boy Cyparissus. As a love present, Apollo gave him a deer, which the boy adored. When the deer was by chance slain, Cyparissus wished to weep eternally. Apollo remodeled Cyparissus right into a tree, the cypress, which turned the image of sorrow, because the sap on its trunk kinds tear-formed droplets.

Apollo’s darkish facet made him completely with out pity when he was offended. The mortal Niobe made the deadly mistake of boasting to Leto, Apollo’s mom, that she had borne fourteen kids, which made her superior to Leto, who had solely two. This insult to their mom was an excessive amount of for Apollo and Artemis to ignore. They labored as a cruel searching group—Apollo killed Niobe’s sons and Artemis killed her daughters. Niobe wept a lot in her grief that she turned to stone.

Apollo and Troy

Apollo additionally has an element within the story of Troy, town that was doomed to fall to the Greeks. He had a love affair with Queen Hecuba, spouse of King Priam of Troy, and she bore Apollo a boy, Troilus. It was foretold that Troy couldn't be defeated if Troilus was allowed to attain the age of twenty. Unfortunately for Troy, the Greek hero Achilles lay in anticipate the boy and killed Troilus earlier than he reached that age.

Apollo was not but finished interfering with the affairs of Troy. He fell in love with Cassandra, Troilus’s half sister, and daughter of Hecuba and Priam. Cassandra made a discount with the god. He might have her as a lover if he taught her the artwork of prophecy. Apollo agreed. Once she had discovered prophecy, nonetheless, Cassandra refused him. The offended Apollo couldn't withdraw his present however added to it the curse that none of her prophecies would ever be believed. This spelled Troy’s doom, since when Cassandra warned of the hazard from the Trojan horse, nobody believed her half within the story of Troy, town that was doomed to fall to the Greeks. He had a love affair with Queen Hecuba, spouse of King Priam of Troy, and she bore Apollo a boy, Troilus. It was foretold that Troy couldn't be defeated if Troilus was allowed to attain the age of twenty. Unfortunately for Troy, the Greek hero Achilles lay in anticipate the boy and killed Troilus earlier than he reached that age.

Apollo was not but finished interfering with the affairs of Troy. He fell in love with Cassandra, Troilus’s half sister, and daughter of Hecuba and Priam. Cassandra made a discount with the god. He might have her as a lover if he taught her the artwork of prophecy. Apollo agreed. Once she had discovered prophecy, nonetheless, Cassandra refused him. The offended Apollo couldn't withdraw his present however added to it the curse that none of her prophecies would ever be believed. This spelled Troy’s doom, since when Cassandra warned of the hazard from the Trojan horse, nobody believed her.